Ssush9: Civil Warus History

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The United States Constitution is ratified; slaves are counted as three-fifths of a person and enjoy no rights of citizenship. Episode One

Washington, and the war, is theirs for the taking. But, as with many Civil War battles, the victor fails to finish the job. In the spring of 1862 the Confederates launch the iron-clad warship, the Virginia, to break the naval blockade. In terms of military history, it is momentous, marking the end of wooden ship warfare. Westward expansion led to loss of life and territory for Native Americans and added to the growing conflict between 'free' and 'slave' states before the Civil War. Better Angels: Five Women Who Changed Civil War America, 2020, Robert C. Plumb Harriet Tubman, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Clara Barton, Julia Ward Howe, and Sarah Josepha Hale came from backgrounds that ranged from abject enslavement to New York City's elite. A People's History of the United States, 1980, Howard Zinn.


Eli Whitney, a northerner, invents the cotton gin. Episode One


The Louisiana Purchase roughly doubles the size of the United States. Episode One


William Lloyd Garrison begins publication of a radical abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator. Episode One


Fifty-five whites are killed in a Virginia slave revolt led by Nat Turner. Episode One


A pro-slavery mob kills abolitionist editor Elijah P. Lovejoy in Alton, Illinois. Episode One


War with Mexico adds territory to the United States. Episode One


Harriet Beecher Stowe's international best seller, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, exposes the evils of slavery. Episode One


Ssush9: Civil Warus History

The Kansas-Nebraska Act allows incoming settlers to decide for themselves whether to permit slavery. Episode One


Anti-slavery northerners found the Republican Party. Episode One


The Supreme Court decides that a slave, Dred Scott, has no rights a white man is bound to respect. Episode One


Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas debate issues in the campaign for Illinois United States Senate seat. Episode One


John Brown is executed for treason against the state of Virginia after his unsuccessful attempt to incite a slave uprising at Harpers Ferry. Episode One


Abraham Lincoln is elected president of the United States. Episode One

February 1861

The Confederate States of America is formed, with Jefferson Davis sworn in as president. Episode One

March 4, 1861

Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as president of the United States. Episode One

April 12, 1861

Confederates fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Episode One

April 14, 1861

Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers to put down the insurrection. Episode One

April 18, 1861

Virginia's Robert E. Lee rejects Lincoln’s request to command the Union army. Episode One

April 19, 1861

Lincoln orders the blockade of ports in Confederate states. Episode One

July 21, 1861

The Battle of First Manassas (Bull Run) in Virginia; 4,878 casualties. Episode One

February 6 and 16, 1862

The Battles of Fort Henry and Donelson in Tennessee; 4,332 casualties. Episode Two

February 20, 1862

Willie Lincoln dies of typhoid fever in the White House. Episode Two

March 9, 1862

The Battle of the Ironclads, the Confederate Merrimac vs. the Union Monitor, Hampton Roads, Virginia. Episode Two

March 13, 1862

George McClellan moves his 121,500 troops to Richmond. It takes three weeks and 400 boats to land at Fortress Monroe on the Virginia coast. Episode Two

April 4 to 7, 1862

Confederate General Jeb Magruder stages theatrical troop movements at Yorktown, with an army of only 11,000, creating the appearance of a much larger force. Episode Two

April 6 to 7, 1862

The Battle of Shiloh at Pittsburg Landing in Tennessee; 23,700 casualties. Episode Two

April 16, 1862

Abraham Lincoln signs into law a bill prohibiting slavery in the District of Columbia. Episode Two

April 24, 1862

The Battle of New Orleans: Admiral David Farragut sails past forts at the mouth of the Mississippi River to take the city. Episode Two

June 25, 1862

The Seven Days (the Peninsula Campaign) for Richmond, Virginia; 36,000 casualties. Episode Three

August 29 to 30, 1862

The Battle of Second Manassas in Virginia (Second Bull Run); 25,251 casualties. Episode Three

September 17, 1862

The Battle of Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland; 23,000 casualties in the bloodiest day of combat in American history. Episode Three

September 24, 1862

Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus for individuals deemed guilty of 'discouraging volunteer enlistments, resisting military drafts, or guilty of any disloyal practice offering comfort to Rebels.'Episode Three

October 11, 1862

The Confederate Congress passes a bill exempting from army service anyone owning 20 or more slaves. Episode Three

December 13, 1862

The Battle of Fredericksburg in Virginia; 17,900 casualties. Episode Three


December 31, 1862–January 3, 1863

The Battle of Murfreesboro; 23,514 casualties. Episode Four

January 1, 1863

Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation. Episode Three

March 3, 1863

Congress passes the Conscription Act, calling for the enlistment in military service of all able-bodied males between 20 and 45 years of age for three-year terms. Episode Four

March 10, 1863

Faced with an estimated 125,000 deserters, Abraham Lincoln issues general amnesty for all who will report back to duty. Episode Four

April 21 to May 11, 1863

The Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia; 30,051 casualties. Episode Four

May 19, 1863

Ohio Congressman Clement Vallandigham, an outspoken critic of Abraham Lincoln and the war, is exiled to the South. Episode Four

May 19, 1863


In three weeks Ulysses S. Grant’s army marches 180 miles through Mississippi, fights and wins five battles, and surrounds Vicksburg. After a failed attack on the city, Grant settles for a siege to 'out-camp the enemy.'Episode Four

July 1 to 3, 1863

The Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania; 51,000 casualties. Episode Five

July 4, 1863

The Battle (Siege) of Vicksburg in Mississippi; 50,000 casualties; 29,000 rebels surrender. Episode Five

July 13, 1863

50,000 people (mostly Irish) riot in New York City in opposition to the draft, attacking and beating blacks. Episode Five

July 18, 1863

The 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry attacks Battery Wagner at Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Episode Five

August 1, 1863


Jefferson Davis offers amnesty to all Confederate deserters. Episode Five

August 21, 1863

Confederate William C. Quantrill leads a guerilla raid on Lawrence, Kansas; 150 civilian casualties. Episode Five

September 19 to 20, 1863

The Battle of Chickamauga Creek in Georgia; 34,444 casualties. Episode Five

November 19, 1863

Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address dedicates a battlefield cemetery at Gettysburg Pennsylvania. Episode Five

November 23 to 25, 1863

The Battle of Chattanooga in Tennessee; 12,491 casualties. Episode Five

March 2, 1864

Ulysses S. Grant is named general-in-chief of the Union armies. Episode Six

April 12, 1864

The Massacre at Fort Pillow on the Mississippi River in Tennessee; 431 casualties. Episode Six

May 5 to 19, 1864

The Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania near Chancellorsville, Virginia; 54,000 casualties. Episode Six

May 31, 1864

A group of radical Republicans meets in Cleveland, Ohio to nominate its own presidential candidate, General John Charles Fremont. Episode Six

June 1 to 3, 1864

The Battle of Cold Harbor in Virginia; 13,500 casualties. Episode Six

June 8, 1864

Abraham Lincoln is nominated for president by the Union Party. Andrew Johnson, a Tennessee Union Democrat, is nominated as vice president. Episode Seven

June 14, 1864

Naval battle between C.S.S. Alabama and U.S.S. Kearsarge near Cherbourg, France; 33 casualties. Episode Six

June 27, 1864

The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain near Marietta, Georgia; 2,321 casualties. Episode Six

July 2 to 14, 1864

Early’s Raid on Washington, D.C.; 9,000 casualties. Episode Seven

July 18 to September 3, 1864

The Battles for Atlanta; 20,000 casualties. Episode Seven

August 5, 1864

The Naval Battle of Mobile Bay; 589 casualties. Episode Seven

August 31, 1864

George McClellan is nominated as the Democratic candidate for president. Episode Seven

October 19, 1864

The Battle of Cedar Creek in the Shenandoah Valley: 8,665 casualties. Episode Seven

October 19, 1864

Confederate raiders, based in Canada, steal $200,000 from banks in the Vermont town of St. Albans. Episode Seven

November 8, 1864

Abraham Lincoln is re-elected to a second term winning more than 55 percent of the popular vote. Episode Seven

December 7 to 27, 1864

The Battles for Fort Fisher in North Carolina begin. Episode Eight

December 16, 1864

The Battle of Nashville in Tennessee; 4,449 casualties. Episode Seven

December 21, 1864

Sherman captures Savannah, Georgia. Episode Seven

January 13 to 15, 1865

The Battles for Fort Fisher end in North Carolina; 1,841 casualties. Episode Eight

February 3, 1865

Abraham Lincoln meets with the Confederate Peace Commission at Hampton Roads, Virginia. Episode Eight

February 19, 1865


Ssush9: Civil Warus History

The Confederates abandon Charleston, South Carolina. Episode Eight

March 3, 1865

The Union Congress creates the Freedmen’s Bureau. Episode Eight

March 13, 1865

The Confederacy authorizes the arming of slaves as soldiers. Episode Eight

March 25 to April 2, 1865

The Battle of Petersburg in Virginia; 17,000 casualties. Episode Eight

April 3 to 4, 1865

Jefferson Davis flees Richmond, hoping to escape to the South; Abraham Lincoln arrives in the city. Episode Eight

April 9, 1865

Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Episode Eight

April 14, 1865

Abraham Lincoln is assassinated. Episode Nine

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The country is in flame…God does not intend to give us peace again until the last shackle is stricken from the wrist of the black man.

Montgomery Meigs, Quartermaster General of the Union

In the bloodiest period of American history, historian Simon Schama highlights the career of Montgomery Meigs, the man who made sure Union troops had shoes and socks, amongst other things. This is because the American Civil War was a battle of logistics, as much of beliefs. Victory was as much won by his ability to out-supply his troops with uniforms, food and weapons, as by the honouring of the Declaration of Independence that 'all men are created equal'. But, in the beginning, as President Abraham Lincoln made clear, the war was first about preserving the Union, and not liberating slaves.

Lincoln's presidential campaign was not for the abolition of slavery, but for stopping its expansion. (For, amongst other things, slavery depreciated the wages of working whites). But the fact that the US President even considered dictating such limitations was enough for seven Southern states to announce their secession and departure from the Union. When one of these, South Carolina, took Fort Sumter, which was in their territory, but manned by US troops, Lincoln responded and effectively started the American Civil War.

Ssush9: Civil War Us History Images

In April 1861 President Lincoln announces a blockade of all Southern ports and requests a volunteer force of 75,000 to restore federal authority. Thousands sign up but the states of Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee and North Carolina leave the Union and join the Confederacy.

Few great nations have been less ready in any way for war than were the Americans, North and South, in 1861
Hugh Brogan

Lincoln starts studying books on tactics to ready himself for his new role as Commander-in-Chief. General Scott creates 'the Anaconda', a plan to attack the Confederates from all sides and squeeze them into submission. But Scott's too old and fat for field command, so Commander Irvin McDowell fights the first battle of Bull Run. Expecting victory, people from Washington come to picnic near the battle. They too join the panicky retreat as the Confederates roll forward. Washington, and the war, is theirs for the taking. But, as with many Civil War battles, the victor fails to finish the job.

In the spring of 1862 the Confederates launch the iron-clad warship, the Virginia, to break the naval blockade. In terms of military history, it is momentous, marking the end of wooden ship warfare. For the Confederates, however, the attempt fails. Union Brigadier-General Ulysses Grant secures victories and losses around Mississippi and the industrial scale of losses, 23,000 dead in total, are characteristic of the campaign. In the summer, Confederate General Robert E. Lee wins the first of many battles against the too cautious General George McClellan. Lee secures again his state of Virginia. In August, despite being heavily outnumbered, he wins the second battle of Bull Run and again, it's a crushing defeat for the Union.

Ssush9 Civil Walrus History Timeline

McClellan and Lee meet once more on 17 September at Antietam Creek in Maryland. It is the bloodiest day of the war with 12,000 Union dead. But Lee's forces suffer equally and being less numerous, McClellan has the opportunity to crush his opponent in retreat. He doesn't. So Lincoln replaces him.

Did you know?

Ssush9: Civil War Us History Quizlet

The Pennsylvanian militia signed up with Lincoln for 90 days and as the first Union battle of Bull Run took place at the end of this commitment, they simply left just before the battle. Such factors helped the Confederates inflict a humiliating defeat on the Union. , General Lee, still a symbol of the South to this day, actually freed his slaves before taking up command of the Confederate forces.

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