- Prepositions are the words that join a noun, pronoun or the noun phrases and make each sentence complete. However, learning preposition is little tricky and hence, students should be conscious.
- Simple prepositions These are words like at, in, for, to, with, on, off, out, etc. He is in the office. She sat on the bench. She is angry with him. 1 fCompound prepositions These are words like above, before, behind, below, across, among, around, beside and between.
- Prepositions may be defined as any word or group of words that relates a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence. Take a look at the following table for a list of some common prepositions: Prepositions never travel alone; they’re always with an object. In the earlier examples, the object of each preposition is elephant.
My name is Cheryl, and I LOVE to teach! Over the past 30 years, I have learned so much from so many AMAZING teachers and administrators. I am hoping to share my experiences and the things I have learned to help other teachers. Prepositions may be defined as any word or group of words that relates a noun or a pronoun to another word in the sentence. Take a look at the following table for a list of some common prepositions: Prepositions never travel alone; they’re always with an object. In the earlier examples, the object of each preposition is elephant.
Recognize a preposition when you find one.
Prepositions almost always indicate location. Often, this location is in the physical world.
Here are three examples:
The puppy is
The puppy is
The puppy is
On, beside, and with are all prepositions. With the other words that make up the prepositional phrase, they are showing where the puppy is.
In addition, prepositions can show location in time. Read the next three examples:
At midnight, Jill craved mashed potatoes with grape jelly.
In the spring, I always vow to plant tomatoes but end up buying them at the supermarket instead.
During the marathon, Iggy's legs complained with sharp pains shooting up his thighs.
At, in, and during all help to show where we are in time.
Because there are so many possible locations in space and time, the list of prepositions is long:
by means of
in addition to
in back of
in case of
in front of
in place of
in spite of
on top of
* But is very seldom a preposition. When it is used as a preposition, but means the same as except—Everyone ate frog legs but Jamie. Usually, but functions as a coordinating conjunction.
Understand how to form a prepositional phrase.
Prepositions frequently introduce prepositional phrases, which will usually follow this pattern:
Preposition + Optional Modifier(s) + Noun, Pronoun, or Gerund
Here are examples:
At = preposition; school = noun.
According to us
According to = preposition; us = pronoun.
By = preposition; chewing = gerund.
Under the stove
Under = preposition; the = modifier; stove = noun.
In the crumb-filled, rumpled sheets
In = preposition; the, crumb-filled, rumpled = modifiers; sheets = noun.
Realize that some prepositions have split personalities.
Five prepositions can also function as subordinate conjunctions: after, as, before, since, and until. When these five are subordinate conjunctions, both a subject and a verb will follow, forming a subordinate clause.
Read these examples:
After Sam and Esmerelda kissed goodnight
After = subordinate conjunction; Sam, Esmerelda = subjects; kissed = verb.
As Jerome buckled on the parachute
As = subordinate conjunction; Jerome = subject; buckled = verb.
Before I eat these frog legs
Before = subordinate conjunction; I = subject; eat = verb.
Since we have enjoyed the squid eyeball stew
Since = subordinate conjunction; we = subject; have enjoyed = verb.
Until your hiccups stop
Until = subordinate conjunction; hiccups = subject; stop = verb.
When only a noun, object pronoun, or gerund follows (with or without modifiers and/or objects), you have just a prepositional phrase.
Consider these examples:
After the killer calculus test
After = preposition; the, killer, calculus = modifiers; test = noun.
As a leader
As = preposition; a = modifier; leader = noun.
Before = preposition; dancing = gerund.
Since the breakup
Since = preposition; the = modifier; breakup = noun.
Prepositions Of Time
Until = preposition; her = pronoun.
Prepositions Of Place
©1997 - 2021 by Robin L. Simmons
All Rights Reserved.