The Poseidon MythsIn the Poseidon myths we learn that he was the god of the sea and of horses, brother of Zeus and Hades, and a bad-tempered, horny devil just like them. Poseidon in Greek mythology is sometimes depicted in true merman form with a fish's tail from the waist down. His symbol is the trident, a three-pointed spear like a pitchfork. Oct 30, 2017 Why You’re Zeus, Athena, and Poseidon All Wrapped into One In the Summer of 2000, the third single off Vertical Horizon’s hit album, Everything You Want, was released on the radio. After their second single spent 26 weeks cruising to #1 on the Billboard Charts, the band hoped their third release would send them further up the ladder of stardom.
Apollo and his twin sister Artemis were the children of Zeus and Leto. Born in the little island of Delos he has been called 'the most Greek of all the gods.' He is a beautiful figure in Greek poetry, the master musician who delights the gods of Olympus with his golden lyre. He is the Archer-god, master of the silver bow. He is the god of Light, in all the gods, like in men, there is a continuous struggle between good and evil, their light and dark sides, whatever the proportion of one to the other might be; in Apollo there was almost no darkness at all, his primitive and cruel side was shown only briefly and in very few myths. He is also the god of Truth, no false word ever fell from his lips, because of this his oracle at Delphi was very important to people, serving ad a link between men and gods. He was also the Healer- god, who first taught men medicine and the art of healing.
One of his more important daily tasks was to drive the Sun across the sky in his golden chariot. Sometimes he is called the son-god and Helios is said to be one of his many names, but in other myths Helios is separate god, the son of the titan Hyperion. One of Apollo's great deeds for mankind was his killing of the serpent Python, who lived in the caves of Parnassus after the Great Flood, because of this he was sometimes called Pythian. In the Iliad he is also called 'the Sminthian,' the Mouse-god, but it is unknown whether it was because he protected or destroyed mice.
Apollo is usually shown as a manly, beardless youth of great beauty, his head crowned with laurel leaves, either the bow or his lyre in his hand. His tree was the laurel. Many creatures were sacred to him, chief among them the dolphin and the crow. One of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, the Colossus of Rhodes, was actually a statue of Apollo. Many festivals were held in his honor, the most famous of which were the Pythian Games, celebrated at Delphi every three years.
He had a huge temple in Didyma which became rival to the one in Delfi.
Artemis and her younger twin brother Apollo were the children of Zeus and Leto, born in Delos. She is the lady of the forest and all the wild things, as well as the Huntsman- in-chief to the gods, an odd office for a woman. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. She is one of the three virgin goddesses along with Athena and Hestia. Surprisingly, she also presides over childbirth, this goes back to the fact that she did not cause her mother any pain when she was born. As always in Greek Mythology, she also had her dark side, showing her as fierce and vengeful warrior. For example, although she is the protector of the young, she kept the Greek Fleet from sailing to Troy, until Iphigenia, a royal maiden, daughter of the Commander in Chief Agamemnon was sacrificed to her. All because the Greek soldiers killed one of the creatures, a hare, together with her young. On the other hand, when women died a quick and painless death, they were said to have been slain by Artemis' silver arrows.
Artemis was vindictive and there were many who suffered from her anger. One of her actions was to join Apollo in killing the children on Niobe. Artemis took part in the battle against the Giants, where she killed Gration. She also destroyed the Aloadae and is said to have killed the monster Bouphagus. Other victims of Artemis included Orion and Actaeon, as well as Meleager, who was fated to die as the result of the Calydonian Boar hunt instigated by Artemis.
Artemis was also associated with the moon, and called Phoebe and Selene (Luna in Latin), neither name originally belonged to her. Phoebe was a titan, one of the elder gods. So was Selene, a moon- goddess and sister of Helios, the sun-god often confused with Artemis' brother, Apollo. In the later poems Artemis became associated with another goddess, Hecate, the dark and awful goddess of the lower world. Hecate was the Goddess of the Dark of the Moon, the black nights when the moon is hidden. She was associated with deeds of darkness, the Goddess of the Crossways, which were held to be ghostly places of evil magic; and awful divinity. Thus she became 'the goddess with three forms,' Selene in the sky, Artemis on earth and Hecate in the lower world as well as in the world above, when it is wrapped in darkness. In Artemis is shown most vividly the uncertainty between good and evil which exists in every god. Ironically, this contrast is least apparent in her brother, the God of Light, Apollo.
Artemis was held in honor in al the wild and mountainous areas of Greece, in Arcadia and in the country of Sparta, in Laconia on Mount Taygetus and in Elis. Her most famous shrine was at Ephesus. Artemis absorbed some cults that involved human sacrifice, such as that practiced in Tauris. She was also the protecting deity of the Amazons who, like her, were warriors and huntresses and independent of men.
The cypress is her tree. All wild animals are scared to her, but especially the deer. She is almost always depicted with her bow and a fawn; and very often, also with Apollo.
Her biggest temple was build in Ephesus which became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. In the nearby museum of Selcuk you can sea two beautiful marble statues of Artemis Polimastros (with many breasts), as she was called in the Ionian region of Asia Minor.
Poseidon is the ruler of the sea, often called the 'Earth- shaker.' After Zeus, with his brothers and sisters, defeated the Titans and dethroned Cronus, Zeus, Poseidon and Hades drew lots for one of the three realms to rule. Zeus got the heavens and thus became the supreme ruler, Hades got the underworld and Poseidon got the sea. Poseidon is very powerful, second only to Zeus himself. Poseidon had a magnificent palace beneath the sea, but spent much of his time participating in the festivities in Olympus with the other gods. Poseidon's wife is Amphitrite, granddaughter of the titan Oceanus.
Poseidon, had a very encroaching disposition, he was very dissatisfied with the his share of the world and once even conspired to dethrone Zeus. But his plot was discovered and in punishment Zeus exiled him to earth. There he was to build the walls of Troy in Anatolia for king Laomedon. He was helped by Apollo, who at the time was also banished from Olympus at that time, Apollo was able to move the heaviest of stones with just the sound of his lyre. After the task was completed Laomedon refused to reward them as promised and that was the chief reason why Poseidon was on the Greek side during the Trojan War.
Although Poseidon did give men the first horse, his primary importance was as Lord of the Sea, at his command winds rose and the most violent of storms began, but when he drove in his golden car over the water, the storms subsided and tranquil peace followed his wheels.
Both the bull and the horse are associated with Poseidon, but the bull is associated with many other gods as well, so the horse can be considered his animal. He was always depicted carrying, or using, his distinguishing weapon, the trident, a three-pronged spear which he used to shatter and shake anything he pleased.
21 Poseidon Facts for Kids
In early Greece and Rome there were stories of Gods that ruled the earth and the seas. There was a God that would explain the weather and how the earth changed from one season to another. It has been man’s quest since the beginning of time to better understand his surroundings.
1. Long before there was a scientific measure there was the desire to understand why it rained and why there was loud thunderous claps from the sky. The ocean also held great mysteries. For the Greeks it was the God Poseidon who controlled the seas. For the Romans it was the God Neptune that controlled the seas.
2. Poseidon was worshipped by Greek sailors and the people that lived in coastal areas. It was thought if you kept Poseidon happy than the sea would be plentiful and your travels on the sea would be protected.
Who Was Poseidon?
3. Poseidon according to legends was the brother of Zeus (king of all the Gods and ruler of the earth ) and Hades. Zeus ruled over all the Gods and the earth and Hades rules the underworld and the undead while Poseidon ruled the oceans. He is often depicted with long flowing hair and carrying a trident (a spear of sorts with three tines). They are three of the five children of Kronos.
4. He could whip the ocean into a frenzy simply by pointing the trident at the ocean. He could raise the wind as well with a point of his trident, a stomp of his foot and the earth would shake. He maintained a home on Mount Olympus but spent the majority of his time living beneath the sea.
5. His underwater mansion was elaborate and had huge columns of marble with gold leafing. Like most of the gods he had many wives but only one main wife that lived under the ocean with him. He is typically thought of as a God of ill will because he is associated with angry seas and the bad weather that can come off the ocean.
6. Many temples were built in his honor and gifts in abundance were left in the temples for his pleasure. The goal was always to keep Poseidon happy so that there would be calm waters surrounding the coastal areas.
7. Storms of large magnitudes which we now know are relative to many different scientific causes were not understood then. The crashing waves and high winds that typically come off the ocean during a storm must have seemed to the people of ancient Greece like the ravings of an angry man.
His Role In Athens
8. As new villages were settled a God was chosen as the patron of that village. A new village sprouted up and there was a big to do about which God would be selected. According to legend in this instance it was not the people that were selecting the God but two Gods that were interested in the village.
9. Poseidon and his niece Athena were both interested in becoming protectors of this newly formed village. The villagers felt it was only right that Poseidon was the God of the village because it was a coastal town but no one wanted to be the one to choose and risk upsetting the God that was not chosen.
10. Poseidon is playful and he challenged his niece to a contest. Each God would present the villagers with a gift and depending on which gift the villagers found to be more useful that would determine who was God of the village. Poseidon went first. He provided the villagers with a beautiful stream. The villagers gasped with joy when they saw the water, every village needs a water supply however when they tasted the water they could not believe it, it was salt water.
11. Athena presented the village with a beautiful olive tree in full bloom. The olives were plump and beautiful. The wood could be used to build houses. The olives could be eaten and pressed to make oils to cook with.
12. Clearly Athena’s gift was the better more useful gift but no one in the village would dare to upset Poseidon. Poseidon laughed a deep belly laugh and bowed to his niece. He never intended on taking on the village under his protection he was just giving his niece a hard time.
13. The village was named Athens and went to grow by leaps and bounds and enjoyed a great deal of prosperity from the sea and the land.
Horses and Earthquakes
Poseidonall About Myths Debunked
Myths About Poseidon Greek God
14. Poseidon was also the God of horses and earthquakes both large and as unpredictable as the ocean and again depending on how things were going Poseidon was either considered a loving fair God or a vengeful cruel God.
Poseidonall About Myths Definition
15. It was believed when an earthquake hit (which happened quite a bit) it was due to Poseidon. It was said that he stomped his foot and banged his trident down on the earth and made the earth shake. With the right gifts and sacrifices the earth shaking would subside.
16. People also believed that Poseidon was the God that controlled the mood and personality of the horses. This all seems to tie together and make sense when you consider that the ocean is a huge expanse that is largely uncontrollable, earthquakes are also uncontrollable as are horses for the most part. To the residents of ancient Greece it must have been a lot easier to put the control off on a God instead of trying to wrangle in the ocean, horses and earthquakes in on their own.
17. Of course it was also a lot easier to simply put your fate in Poseidon’s hands after making your dutiful offerings than it was to really think about the amount of risk there was involved with taking a small wooden boat out into the middle of the ocean which many Greeks did on a regular basis. It must have been comforting to think since you made your offering in the temple that you would not be safe traveling on the ocean.
18. The thought of a God that could protect you from the dangers of the sea must have been the single thing that offered many sailors the confidence that they needed to embark on such dangerous journeys.
19. Poseidon was worshipped in fishing villages throughout Greece but he never really had a crown jewel until Atlantis was born. According to legend Poseidon’s ten sons became kings of Atlantis and the city became one of the most well established successful civilizations of ancient times. Atlantis was Poseidon’s favorite locale.
20. It is said that under Poseidon’s protection Atlantis was able to achieve greatness. There is no hard evidence that Atlantis ever existed although there are many historians that believe it did in fact exist and that something like a sudden volcanic eruption wiped it and all the residents completely off the face of the planet.
21. Atlantis has long been an explorers dream to find. There have been numerous expeditions for centuries that have been launched with the hopes of finding this city that legend have been written about but there has been no one that has been able to locate the ruins of this city.
As for Poseidon, his stories are still told today.