Food Chains 

Australia's best known fast food chain is believed to be going cold on shopping centres. The food chains of the ecosystem intertwine and overlap to form a complex of interactions called a food web. A food web is a model of the feeding relationships between all of the different types of organisms in an ecosystem. To understand how plants and animals interact, scientists make diagrams called food chains. A food chain shows a sequence of living things in which one organism eats the one below it. Most animals eat more than one thing, so to show ALL the feeding relationships, we use food webs which are made of many intersecting food chains.

Food Chains
Directed bySanjay Rawal
Produced bySmriti Keshari
Hamilton Fish
Sanjay Rawal
Written byErin Barnett
Sanjay Rawal
StarringEve Ensler
Barry Estabrook
Dolores Huerta
Robert F. Kennedy Jr.
Kerry Kennedy
Eva Longoria
Eric Schlosser
Forest Whitaker
Music byGil Talmi
CinematographyForest Woodward
Edited byErin Barnett
Distributed byScreen Media
Release date
Running time
83 minutes
CountryUnited States

Food Chains is a 2014 American documentary film about agricultural labor in the United States directed by Sanjay Rawal. It was the Recipient of the 2015 James Beard Foundation Award for Special/Documentary.[1]


In Immokalee, Florida, migrant farmworkers pick fruits and vegetables that are sold to large US food wholesalers.[2] However, their working conditions are shown to be less than favorable.[2] As a result, they form the Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) to raise awareness and improve their circumstances.[3] Specifically, they go on a hunger strike to pressure Publix, a Florida-based food wholesaler, to pay them one penny more per pound of tomato.[3] Meanwhile, the documentary also shows farmworkers in the vineyards of the Napa Valley.[4]

Food Webs


  1. The term food chain refers to the sequence of events in an ecosystem, where one organism eats another and then is eaten by another organism. It starts with the primary source, like the sun or hydrothermal vents, where producers make food, continues with consumers, or animals who eat the food, and ends with the top predator.
  2. A food chain follows the path of energy as it is transferred from species to species within an ecosystem. All food chains begin with the energy produced by the sun. From there they move in a straight line as the energy is moved from one living thing to the next. Here's an example of a very simple food chain.

The film was produced by actress and Democratic fundraiser Eva Longoria, Fast Food Nation author Eric Schlosser, and heiress Abigail Disney, among others.[4]

It was presented at the Berlin Film Festival, the Tribeca Film Festival and the Napa Valley Film Festival.[2][4] Shortly after, Screen Media purchased the distribution rights for North America.[2] A Spanish version, narrated by actor Demián Bichir was released.[3]

Critical reception[edit]

In a review for The Hollywood Reporter, Frank Scheck suggested not much had changed since Harvest of Shame, a 1960 documentary about the same topic.[3] He concluded that Food Chains was 'simultaneously inspirational and deeply depressing.'[3] Writing for the San Francisco Chronicle, Tara Duggan added that there were 'many chilling moments' in the documentary.[4] In The New York Daily News, Elizabeth Weitzman called the documentary 'unsettling,' concluding 'you will certainly leave the theater more enlightened than when you arrived.'.[5] Jeannette Catsoulis of the New York Times called the film 'rousing' and 'emphatic and empathetic.'.[6]


  1. ^James Beard Foundation, / The 2015 Book, Broadcast, and Journalism Awards: Complete Winner Recap, James Beard Foundation, April 24, 2015
  2. ^ abcdDave McNary, Eva Longoria’s ‘Food Chains’ Documentary Getting U.S. Distribution, Variety, March 31, 2014
  3. ^ abcdeFrank Scheck, 'Food Chains': Film Review, The Hollywood Reporter, November 24, 2014
  4. ^ abcdTara Duggan, Documentary shows how those who pick our food get a raw deal, San Francisco Chronicle, November 25, 2014
  5. ^Elizabeth Weitzman, 'Food Chains': Movie Review, The New York Daily News, November 20, 2014
  6. ^Jeannette Catsoulis, In for a Penny, in for a Pound, and Better Work Conditions, The New York Times, November 20, 2014

External links[edit]

  • Food Chains on IMDb
Retrieved from ''

Facts about Food Chains will inform you about living things that play a role as producers, consumers, and decomposers. Energy is needed by living things to grow and healthy. That is why they transfer their energy through the food chain. Besides, they are related and eat to each other such as grass (producer), zebra (primary consumer), and lion (secondary consumer). Here are ten facts about food chains.

Facts about Food Chains 1: Producers

Examples Of Food Chains

Plants make their own food by using energy of sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water. The process of it is called photosynthesis. That is why they called as producers.

Facts about Food Chains 2: Consumers

Animals cannot make their own food such as plants, but they eat other animals or plants. That is why they called consumers. There are three types of consumers, including primary consumers or herbivores (eat only plants), secondary consumers or carnivores (eat others animals), tertiary consumer (carnivores eat other carnivores), and omnivores (eat animals and plants).

Facts about Food Chains 3: Decomposers

Food Chains Documentary

Bacteria, fungi, and worm belong to decomposers. They eat dead plants and animals or decaying matter. Besides, they also returned back the nutrient into soil which can be used by plants again.

Facts about Food Chains 4: Food chain

Food chain is started by plants and ended by animals. Plants (grass) is eaten by primary consumers. The primary consumers (rabbit) is eaten by secondary consumers (fox). For example, grass –> rabbit –> fox.


Facts about Food Chains 5: Trophic Levels

Each level or position in the food chain is described by trophic level. The first level is plants or producers. The second level is herbivores or primary consumers. The third level is carnivores or secondary consumers. The fourth level is tertiary consumers. The fifth level is predators.

Food Chains For Kids

Facts about Food Chains 6: Food Web

Food web is also called as food cycle. It is the end up of the all food chains of what eats what of chains.

Facts about Food Chains 7: The concept of food chains

The concept of food chains is introduced by Al-Jahiz (African-Arab). He is a scientist and philosopher.

Facts about Food Chains 8: The importance of each link

Each link of food chains is very important. Because if we loss only one link, it will make the species become extinct.

Fast-food Chains


Facts about Food Chains 9: The populations of food chain

The population of food chain depends on another population. It means that the population is affected by another one. For example, when there are more zebras than grass, the zebras will die. Whereas the grass will grow properly, if there are fewer zebras. The lion also will be die, if the zebra is rare. Besides, the lion will increase when there are fewer lions.

Facts About Food Chains

Facts about Food Chains 10: The energy of food chain

Producers (plants) are the source of energy and another link just uses the energy. That is why the available energy is less through the move of food chain.

We have talked facts about Food Chains. Do you know other facts about food chains?

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