- 7Complete Shakedown
The program converts a 2D dxf drawing to CNC machine compatible G-Code.
Let's cut wheel mounting plates for the open source tractor with the torch table:
Download dxf2gcode packages for Debian, Fedora, Ubuntu. Fedora aarch64 Official dxf2gcode-20190103-4.fc31.noarch.rpm: 2D drawings to CNC machine compatible G-Code converter. I made a makeshift changes in dxf2gcode, and the effect is acceptable, but far from ideal. Firstly windows and texts responsible for the Z axis I hid under the window 'Feed rate XY', and changed the name 'Feed rate Z' to 'Laser power'. Then I changed in the config file: # This is code which will be written at the beginning of the exported file.
Overview: Customer Example: Example: Simple DXF 2 G-Code converts a DXF to G-Code that you can download to your machine and start cutting.
Dxf2gcode Free Download
In the video, DXF2Gcode is used. Installation Instructions for Linux.
- Note: forget about the installation instructions. Just download the python script, run it, import the DXF, export the g-code file (.ngc). The instructions complicate the issue for novices.
- Download python DXF2gcode conversion script onto your desktop.
- Go in to Terminal
- Navigate to the directory where you downloaded the script.
- For Factor e Farm implementation - cd gcode
- Run the script from within the directory where the script is located: python scriptname.py
- For Factor e Farm implementation - python d2g.py
- Bingo. The GUI for DXF2gcode runs.
- Read the DXF from the File menu in the DXF 2 G-Code script.
- Export the DXF into .ngc (G-Code) format.
- The .ngc file is readable by EMC2
In other words: Generate your CAD in QCAd like in this example:
Import the QCad image into DXF 2 G-Code:
Import the g-code file into EMC2:
Open Source CNC Torch Table Shakedown from Open Source Ecology on Vimeo.
- To assure that the object that is being fabricated has the desired dimensions, start with an inch scale in QCad for the USA
- Note: DXF 2 G-Code displays a bunch of import errors when importing Will's sample DXF generated from Solidworks; just click through all the errors, and the image appears at the end.
- Note: Why does DXF 2 G-Code generate the toolpath twice?
- Note: Change G21 to G20 for mm -> inch scale within DXF 2 G-Code
- Eliminate the z feeds since we don't use the z axis for plate torching.
Note that we are in a 2-hose machine torch configuration with manual cutting gas toggle.
As it stands, the toolchain for open source torch cutting is quite disintegrated. It turns out that the above code, while in principle correct, does not address the practical considerations of piercing metal. For example, when one wants to torch out a hole - one should not pierce the metal right on the cutting line, because piercing is a messy operation. Instead, one wants to pierce inside a hole, and subsequently move to the circle contour. Moreover, one wants to preheat the metal not by standing in place, but oscillate back and forth to heat the metal more evenly.
It further emerges that the fuel flow rate should decrease after metal ignition, as the fuel gas is important primarily in preheating, not in cutting.
Moreover, the width of the cut needs to be considered, so the actual toolpath needs to be modified by about 1/16 smaller diameter size for circles when using a #2 cutting tip. Thus, finetuning is a precise matter - if one is interested in precise cuts such as small bolt holes.
To address the proper piercing issue, Vann Miller has written a correction script. This script does 3 things. First, it takes out the z values generated by the DXF to G-code Converter (not needed in a 2-axis motion system at hand). Second, it starts a pierce by moving towards the center of a hole. Third, it rotates the torch around a small radius (.05') during preheating. The number of rotations is currently 8, but one should be able to modify this.
To run this correction script, download the coverter file - make it executable, and run it from command line. Here's Version 0.22 of vanngcode.php -  . This works based on correct understanding of G2 syntax. It also ignores arcs, and only pierces circles on their interior.
php vanngcode.php <file.ngc>
Where <file.ngc> is the name of the ngc file. The converter will eliminate Z coords and add preheating/piercing to circles.
Also, now the interior offset can be set via the command line, e.g:
... would offset 0.3 inches into the circle before piercing. The default offset is .2 in inch units. For small holes, such as 1/4', the value should be decreased to 0.1, which will pierce just about in the middle.
A feed rate of 10 mm/min worked well for 1/2' thick metal. The number of rotations in preheating was __________.
For 3/16' metal, the feed rate is _____ and the preheating rotation number is _______________.
Additional, for the GUI you can use QT Designer. Thats the one i used a Long time ago.
Von: [email protected]
Gesendet: Freitag, 22. September 2017 13:36
Betreff: Re: [dxf2gcode-dev] dxf2gcode for laser cutter
Could you say me which IDE did you use for changing DXF2GCODE (GUI and CODES)?
12 Eylül 2016 Pazartesi 00:27:27 UTC+3 tarihinde [email protected] yazdı:
In the window of Z-axis speed I set the laser power. I also changed the name of the window.
Now %feed means F parameter for the XY moves, or S parameter, when in theory the Z-axis penetrates the material but in practical laser turns on ( so instead G1 Z%ZE F%feed we have M3 S%feed ).
This causes a problem because the same parameter means different things and I can not use it when I want.
The solution will be make two variables %feedXY and %feedZ instead one %feed.
When it will be done, you can use what you want when you want.
Control programs react differently to code M6, then I do not want to use it.
The S parameter I can change when I want and how many times I want, and machine control program has to simply change the PWM and not to take other actions.
What I did is not a good solution, but it works and you can think of something similar but made professionally.
W dniu niedziela, 11 września 2016 22:04:53 UTC+2 użytkownik Chrisko napisał:
i do not see the line in which the S150 is generated. Can you please
detail this a bit for me?
Did you try this already? I think you can use the tool speed to define
the power for each tool and then use it for each shape cutting.
# This will be done before starting to cut a shape or a contour.
pre_shape_cut = S%speed F%feed %nl M3%nl
# This will be done after cutting a shape or a contour.
post_shape_cut = M5%nl
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