VMware Tools is a suite of utilities that enhances the performance of the virtual machine's guest operating system and improves management of the virtual machine. Although the guest operating system can run without VMware Tools, you would lose important functionality and convenience. In other words, VMware tools are not necessary but highly recommended to use on virtual machines running on top of VMware ESXi hosts.
There are multiple options how to install VMware tools on FreeBSD but I personally use Open VM Tools native FreeBSD package as using Open VM Tools is actually the latest VMware's recommendation for unix like systems which is the case of FreeBSD. The reason why I use Open VM Tools instead of VMtools delivered by VMware on ESXi hosts or VMware download site is that I can use default FreeBSD package management system (pkg) for simple deployment. It is fast, convenient and fully integrated with standard operating system update and upgrade procedures.
As you can see below, the installation on FreeBSD 10.x and above is very straight forward. Essentially, the single command and 5 lines in FreeBSD system config file.
# You have to switch to administrator account (root)
su -l root
# and install Open VM Tools by FreeBSD package manager
pkg install open-vm-tools-nox11
To run the Open Virtual Machine tools at startup, you must add the following settings to your /etc/rc.conf
And just for your information, Open VM tools is set of four kernel modules (vmemctl, vmxnet, vmblock, vmhgfs) and one daemon (guestd).
vmemctl is driver for memory ballooning
vmxnet is paravirtualized network driver
vmhgfs is the driver that allows the shared files feature of VMware Workstation and other products that use it. This is not optimal to use on server therefore we do not enable it.
vmblock is block filesystem driver to provide drag-and-drop functionality from the remote console.
VMware Guest Daemon (guestd) is the daemon for controlling communication between the guest and the host including time synchronization.
On Windows and Supported Linux Distributions exists other VMtools modules/drives but those are not supported on FreeBSD. For further information about all VMtools components look at
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Copy the VMware Tools to tmpp, then extract the package: cp vmware-freebsd-tools.tar.gz /tmpp cd /tmpp tar -zxvf vmware-freebsd-tools.tar.gz cd vmware-tools-distrib/ Then, here is the catch, before executing the installation, we need to link the compat6x files to the proper directory for VMware Tools to find, otherwise it just doesn't work! VMware Tools 10.2.1 provides a fix for an issue of Guest VM ports being exhausted. We encourage you to download VMware Tools 10.2.1 instead of VMware Tools 10.2.0. Note: If you are using VMware Tools 10.2.5 or higher you need not install VMware Tools 10.2.1. A VMware vCenter 5.1, 5.5, 6.0, or 6.5 server with all available updates must be installed in the virtual infrastructure to support deployment and operation of SVMs on VMware ESXi hypervisors. To deploy SVMs on Microsoft Windows Server Hyper-V, VMware ESXi or Citrix XenServer hypervisors, you can use a Microsoft SCVMM virtual infrastructure.
Instead of using the vSphere Client to mount VMware Tools ISO files, you can also use a repository provided by VMware to download the package. In my opinion, this is much more comfortable. You copy the installation package to your fileserver and install VMware Tools without having to use the vSphere Client.
Download Free Vmware Tools
You can either download the .exe file or the VMware tools ISO image.
The repository contains a copy of all VMware Tools since ESX 3.5 but since vSphere 4.1 each VMware Tools are compatible to all versions of ESXi. You are not tied to your currently running ESXi version. Just use the latest package, which is fully supported with all ESXi 4.x and 5.x.
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uselessReplyfgrehlSeptember 19, 2020 at 2:30 pm
In 2020, yes. But this article is 6 years old...Reply
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